Modes

Shows a single panel at a time
One
Two
Three
Demo: Modes controlled with Left/Right keyboard keys

Overview

Shows exactly one of its assigned children at any given time. It can be thought of as a list that only shows the currently selected item.

Modes uses SingleSelectionMixin to expose a single selection. A developer must programmatically modify which item is currently visible, as Modes provides no user interface itself.

Usage

You can use Modes for any portion of a UI with a modal state that can display two or more different sets of UI controls depending upon the state. This pattern is so common that many developers rarely think of it as entailing any complexity. Historically, they have often created a containing div holding an inner div for each modal state, then show the div for the current state and hide the rest. But rewriting that code each time is slow, error-prone, and not universally accessible.

See also

The Tabs component combines a Modes instance with a TabStrip. The tab strip lets the user know how many panels there are, and lets them easily navigate between the modal panels.

See also SlidingStage and its related components. Those handle similar situations, but express the modes as pages on a horizontally-sliding surface.

CrossfadeStage
Shows a crossfade effect when transitioning between a single selected item
SlidingStage
Slides between selected items on a horizontal axis
Tabs
Basic tabs structure for navigation and configuration

API

Ancestry: Modes → ReactiveElement → HTMLElement

Built with mixins AttributeMarshallingMixin, ReactiveMixin, ShadowTemplateMixin, SingleSelectionMixin, and SlotItemsMixin.

Extended by classes CrossfadeStage, Slideshow, and SlideshowWithPlayControls.

This element is used to fill a role in Explorer, ListExplorer, and Tabs.

$ property

A convenient shortcut for looking up an element by ID in the component's Shadow DOM subtree.

Example: if component's template contains a shadow element <button id="foo">, you can use the reference this.$.foo to obtain the corresponding button in the component instance's shadow tree. The $ function is simply a shorthand for getElementById, so this.$.foo is the same as this.shadowRoot.getElementById('foo').

Type: object

Defined by ShadowTemplateMixin

canSelectNext property

True if the selection can be moved to the next item, false if not (the selected item is the last item in the list).

Type: boolean

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

canSelectPrevious property

True if the selection can be moved to the previous item, false if not (the selected item is the first one in the list).

Type: boolean

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

defaultState property

The default state for the component. This can be extended by mixins and classes to provide additional default state.

Type: State

Defined by ReactiveMixin

items property

The current set of items drawn from the element's current state.

Type: Array.|null

Defined by ContentItemsMixin

items-changed event

Raised when the items property changes.

Defined by ContentItemsMixin

render() method

Render pending component changes to the DOM.

This method does nothing if the state has not changed since the last render call.

This method invokes all internal render methods. It then invoked componentDidMount (for first render) or componentDidUpdate (for subsequent renders).

Defined by ReactiveMixin

selected-index-changed event

Raised when the selectedIndex property changes.

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

selectedIndex property

The index of the currently-selected item, or -1 if no item is selected.

Type: number

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

selectedItem property

The currently-selected item, or null if no item is selected.

Type: Element

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

selectFirst() method

Select the first item in the list.

Returns: Boolean True if the selection changed, false if not.

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

selectionRequired property

True if the list should always have a selection (if it has items).

Type: boolean

Default: false

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

selectionWraps property

True if selection navigations wrap from last to first, and vice versa.

Type: boolean

Default: false

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

selectLast() method

Select the last item in the list.

Returns: Boolean True if the selection changed, false if not.

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

selectNext() method

Select the next item in the list.

If the list has no selection, the first item will be selected.

Returns: Boolean True if the selection changed, false if not.

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

selectPrevious() method

Select the previous item in the list.

If the list has no selection, the last item will be selected.

Returns: Boolean True if the selection changed, false if not.

Defined by SingleSelectionMixin

setState(changes) method

Update the component's state by merging the specified changes on top of the existing state. If the component is connected to the document, and the new state has changed, this returns a promise to asynchronously render the component. Otherwise, this returns a resolved promise.

Parameters:

  • changes: objectthe changes to apply to the element's state

Returns: Promise - resolves when the new state has been rendered

Defined by ReactiveMixin

state property

The component's current state. The returned state object is immutable. To update it, invoke setState.

Type: State

Defined by ReactiveMixin

[symbols.contentSlot] property

Defined by SlotContentMixin

[symbols.itemMatchesState](item, state) method

Returns true if the given item should be shown in the indicated state.

Parameters:

  • item: HTMLElement|SVGElement
  • state: PlainObject

Returns: boolean

Defined by ContentItemsMixin

[symbols.render](changed) method

Internal method for rendering any recent changes in state to the DOM.

The default implementation of this method does nothing. Override this method in your component to update your component's host element and any shadow elements to reflect the component's new state. See the rendering example.

Be sure to call super in your method implementation so that your component's base classes and mixins have a chance to perform their own render work.

Parameters:

  • changed: objectdictionary of flags indicating which state members have changed since the last render

Defined by ReactiveMixin