Lets the user refresh content with a swipe down gesture
Demo: Open this in a separate window on a mobile device


PullToRefresh implements a common touch user interface pattern in which the user can swipe down in order to refresh content.

Note: The above demo includes sound that will play on Chrome (but not Safari). The sound is defined by the demo and not the PullToRefresh component. The component provides no sound of its own.


import PullToRefresh from 'elix/define/PullToRefresh.js';
const pullToRefresh = new PullToRefresh(); // or
const pullToRefresh = document.createElement('elix-pull-to-refresh');


<script type="module" src="node_modules/elix/define/PullToRefresh.js"></script>
  <!-- Content that can be refreshed goes here. -->

Use PullToRefresh when:

  • You present time-indexed content in reverse chronological order (newest items at the top).
  • The content is changing frequently.
  • Vertical space is at a premium. If you have sufficient room, a Refresh button may be a simpler and more self-evident way to let users refresh content.


Ancestry: PullToRefresh → ReactiveElement → HTMLElement

Built with mixins AttributeMarshallingMixin, EffectMixin, ReactiveMixin, ShadowTemplateMixin, and TouchSwipeMixin.

The element defines the following shadow parts:

  • indicator: either of the pull or refreshing indicators
  • pull-indicator: the element shown to let the user know they can pull down
  • refresh-header: the header area shown when the user pulls down
  • refreshing-indicator: the element shown during a refresh of the content, default type is ProgressSpinner

[internal.defaultState] property

The default state for the component. This can be extended by mixins and classes to provide additional default state.

Type: State

Defined by ReactiveMixin

[internal.ids] property

A convenient shortcut for looking up an element by ID in the component's Shadow DOM subtree.

Example: if component's template contains a shadow element <button id="foo">, you can use the reference this[internal.ids].foo to obtain the corresponding button in the component instance's shadow tree. The ids property is simply a shorthand for getElementById, so this[internal.ids].foo is the same as this.shadowRoot.getElementById('foo').

Type: object

Defined by ShadowTemplateMixin

[internal.render](changed) method

Render the indicated changes in state to the DOM.

The default implementation of this method does nothing. Override this method in your component to update your component's host element and any shadow elements to reflect the component's new state. See the rendering example.

Be sure to call super in your method implementation so that your component's base classes and mixins have a chance to perform their own render work.


  • changed: objectdictionary of flags indicating which state members have changed since the last render

Defined by ReactiveMixin

[internal.renderChanges]() method

Render any pending component changes to the DOM.

This method does nothing if the state has not changed since the last render call.

ReactiveMixin will invoke this method following a setState call; you should not need to invoke this method yourself.

This method invokes all internal render methods, then invokes componentDidMount (for first render) or componentDidUpdate (for subsequent renders).

Defined by ReactiveMixin

[internal.setState](changes) method

Update the component's state by merging the specified changes on top of the existing state. If the component is connected to the document, and the new state has changed, this returns a promise to asynchronously render the component. Otherwise, this returns a resolved promise.


  • changes: objectthe changes to apply to the element's state

Returns: Promise - resolves when the new state has been rendered

Defined by ReactiveMixin

[internal.state] property

The component's current state.

The returned state object is immutable. To update it, invoke internal.setState.

It's extremely useful to be able to inspect component state while debugging. If you append ?elixdebug=true to a page's URL, then ReactiveMixin will conditionally expose a public state property that returns the component's state. You can then access the state in your browser's debug console.

Type: State

Defined by ReactiveMixin

[internal.swipeTarget] property

Type: HTMLElement

Defined by TouchSwipeMixin

pullIndicatorPartType property

The class, tag, or template used to create the pull-indicator part – the element that lets the user know they can pull to refresh.

By default, this is a down arrow icon.

Type: (component class constructor)|HTMLTemplateElement|string

refreshing-changed event

Raised when the refreshing state changes.

refreshingIndicatorPartType property

The class, tag, or template used to create the refreshing-indicator part – the element shown to let the user know the element is currently refreshing.

Type: (component class constructor)|HTMLTemplateElement|string

Default: ProgressSpinner